Regardless of whether you train for fun, fitness or competition, having your dog pick up an injury can be devastating. Vets have recently become increasingly concerned about the number of dogs injured whilst training and competing in dog sports.
Careful management of your beloved pet can make all the difference with regards to lowering the risk of becoming injured.
Recent studies have found that keeping your dog within a healthy weight for its breed, height and age is the biggest factor for preventing injuries, especially concussion injuries and the early onset of conditions such as arthritis.
Research into agility has found that the most common injuries are soft tissue sprains and strains. A recent survey found that although the majority of competing dogs were uninjured, 33% of dogs in training had suffered an injury, while 58% of those injuries had occurred at a competition. The shoulders were most commonly injured, followed by the back, stifle (knee), thigh, hip and toes. The majority of injuries occurred on the A-frame, dogwalk or bar jump. Training in Flyball on rubber matting was associated with an increased likelihood of arthritis, foot pad and dew claw injuries than those trained on grass, this would probably be similar for agility training, although no studies have looked at training on an equestrian sand surface, where many clubs often train.
If your dog becomes injured STOP. Do not continue training or competing and seek help from your vet. Helpful first aid is that anything that feels hot or warmer than usual to the touch should have an ice pack placed against it. If it is in an area where the dog has less, or thin fur then wrap the ice pack in a flannel to prevent ice burns on the skin. Try to hold it there for as long as the dog will allow, but no longer than 20 minutes at a time. Repeat this several times a day until you can see your vet.
There are often signs before an injury happens that owners should pay attention to. Slower than usual times, knocking poles, slower through the weave or corners are all signs that your dog may not be quite comfortable, or may have a muscle pull or strain.
If your dog is lame, then you need to speak to your vet and get proper treatment for the lameness. Sometimes your vet may not be able to pinpoint a reason for why your dogs performance has decreased, especially if your dog is not actually lame, under these circumstances you may need to have your dog checked over by a therapist. Therapists, such as McTimoney therapists, can help to alleviate tight muscles, which in turn can help prevent strain on tendons. Tendons are more likely to be injured if the muscle associated with it is tight. Treatment can help increase performance and prevent injury. The therapist can advise on suitable exercises to help strengthen any weak muscles, this will help improve performance, prevent injury and allow your dog to continue enjoying agility for many years. Regular treatment, say at the beginning or end of the indoor season, can help to spot any injuries or tight muscles before they prevent the dog from competing.
Following a suitable warm up and cool down routine will dramatically help lower the odds of picking up and injury, as will paying attention to your dogs overall fitness and energy levels, if your dog seems to have less energy than usual it may be necessary to speak to a qualified nutirtionist, veterinary nurse or vet about what to feed to increase vitality or control weight.